There are many advantages to installing an irrigation system. The most important advantage is that it makes it easier for you to maintain your landscape without dragging your hose around, forcing you to water your garden or lawn by hand.
In addition to this, an irrigation system ensures that your lawn remains dense, lush, and green throughout the year. It also helps boost your curb appeal and makes your property more valuable. However, you must have an experienced professional install your irrigation system.
A professionally installed irrigation system helps reduce water wastage; it’s more effective, plus, it helps deliver the right amount of water to landscape locations that need it the most. This article provides information on how and why you should have your irrigation system installed by a professional.
Note that if you have a problem with your irrigation system, you could reach out to Visalia landscaping pros for your landscaping needs in Visalia, CA. Read on to find out more.
Irrigation Systems Installation
There are two types of irrigation that we’ll focus on in this article- drip and rotor irrigation. Drip irrigation systems involve letting water drip into the soil, hydrating the plants at slow, controlled rates. Rotor irrigation involves a process where water is rotated through a sprinkler head onto the lawn.
These two irrigation systems are often used differently. For instance, drip irrigation is often used in gardens, while rotor irrigation is preferred in lawn irrigation.
Rotor irrigation system installation
Planning the layout
The first step involves planning and marking the layout. You do this by placing flags or stakes at various locations where the sprinklers are required. Then, you’ll need to go ahead and use strings to indicate where the pipes will run to connect to the sprinklers. Ensure that you are aware of where the gas and utility lines are located.
Digging the trenches
The next step involves digging the trenches with a depth of 6 to 12 inches. Understand that you’ll probably need various tools, i.e., drills for drilling through walkways, a pipe pulling machine to place pies without digging up your lawn, etc. You could get these tools from your local rental tool supplier.
Laying the pipes and hooking up your water supply
Please check with your local dealer to determine if your connections are right and in line with your local
conditions and codes before hooking up the water supply.
· PVC pipe. They are available in various diameters and thicknesses. However, your system will work better
with a PVC pipe with a wider diameter and a heavier gauge.
· A poly-pipe is perfect if you live in colder climates. It is more flexible and has a better chance of not
getting damaged by the cold. These pipes are assembled by fitting one pipe into the other, then sliding and
tightening the clamp.
· PVC cement. You’ll need to apply PVC cement to the inner fitting and outside the pipe. You’ll need to
insert the pipe quickly and give it a quarter-inch turn to spread the cement evenly.
· Primer. You’ll need the primer to prepare the fittings and the pipe for gluing.
Lay the pipes along the strings and assemble them. However, do not connect them to the sprinklers yet.
Next, you’ll need to flush the entire system valve by valve, ensuring that you remove any debris.
Attach the sprinklers and test the system
You’ll need to attach the sprinklers and wire the valves to your timer. Note down which station runs which zone and adjust for the sprinkling circumference and direction. Test each zone and ensure everything works correctly before burying the pipes.
Drip irrigation system installation
Connecting the Water Supply
You’ll need to connect the water supply with a three-quarter-inch PVC pipe, install a shut-off valve and a backflow prevention device. Place a T-fitting every 6 inches for every valve to be installed, then connect the valves. Next, place the pipes on the ground and pin them with U-shaped metal stakes.
Place the drip emitters in the tubing precisely where they pass directly at the plant’s base. Use a quarter-inch spaghetti tubing to redirect water to plants not adjacent to the main drip line.
Flushing, testing, and fine-tuning
Open the valves manually and flush some water to eliminate any debris stuck in the pipe during installation. Use a compression fitting (end cap) to close off each pipe. You could cover the tubing with mulch or place it as desired.
You could then go ahead and fine-tune each zone with various time intervals, i.e., hourly, every two hours, twice a day, etc. Calibrate your system to ensure that the plants get the right amount of moisture.
Repair and maintenance
Maintaining your irrigation systems is great for helping you save cash that you’d have otherwise used on repairs. There are a couple of steps that you could use to test and confirm whether your irrigation system runs effectively.
· Checking the water pressure. The ideal water pressure is between 40 to 65 PSI.
· Checking for broken or missing sprinkler heads.
· Ensuring your sprinkler heads are at the right angles.
· Changing your timers to ensure that your irrigational systems meet your plant’s seasonal needs.
· Ensuring that your plants get enough moisture depending on how much sunlight they receive.
If you check and find out that your irrigation systems have a problem, then you’ll need to troubleshoot and determine what may be causing the problem.
For instance, if the pressure is too low, it may indicate a leak, and you’ll have to look for the leaking pipe and repair or replace it. However, if the pipe is blocked, then there are other options you could use to unblock it. You could try pumping some sulphuric or nitric acid through the pipe to dissolve the debris
Irrigation winterization helps prevent your irrigation system from damage during winter. If you live in regions that experience winter, it could be good to invest in services that could help you prevent such instances. Here are some reasons why this could be a good idea.
Insulating your irrigation system helps prevent damages that could result in unnecessary expenses due to repairs. It would be good to hire professionals, i.e., Visalia Landscaping Pros. who’ll insulate your irrigation system to prevent the pipes and other mechanisms from getting damaged.
Winterizing your irrigation system protects the sprinkler heads from damages that could cost you more cash for repairs later on. The best option would be to do this a week before the first hard freeze, ensuring that you drain the pipes of water and take measures to insulate mechanisms that are at risk of damage.
Choosing Visalia Landscaping Pros
If you live in Visalia, CA, and are experiencing problems with your landscaping irrigation system, then you could get in touch with us through our website. Ours is a professional landscaping company that could help you reduce water wastage, installations, redesigns, and system overhauls. Get in touch with us, Visalia Landscaping Pros. in Visalia, CA, and get the help you need today!